Le dossier est renvoyé à l’arbitrage malgré que certaines parties au litige ne soient pas signataires de la Convention – #61

Cet article vise à résumer un jugement récent rendu par l’honorable Madame la Juge Johanne Mainville concernant une demande en exception déclinatoire visant à renvoyer le litige à l’arbitrage en vertu de l’art. 622 C.p.c. Dans l’arrêt Césario c. Régnoux, 2021 QCCS 3009, Madame la juge Mainville note qu’il n’y a pas assez de preuve documentaire pour conclure la compétence de la Cour supérieure sur le litige ou pour déroger au principe général.

Les faits pertinents

Le 9 août 2019, 9226-0454 Québec Inc. (« 9226 ») et la Compagnie Gala Média inc. (« Gala Média ») concluent une Convention entre actionnaires (« Convention ») aux fins d’établir un cadre contractuel gouvernant leurs relations visant à promouvoir les intérêts des opérations de création, de conceptualisation et de développement de concepts audiovisuels et numériques du Projet 2Dads.

Continue reading “Le dossier est renvoyé à l’arbitrage malgré que certaines parties au litige ne soient pas signataires de la Convention – #61”

An Olympian’s Doping Offense: Staking an Entire Athletic Career on Being Correct on Disputed Doping Test when the Issue is Complex and Contentious is a Huge and Foolish Gamble! – #60

While I am watching the Tokyo Olympic Games and cheering for the Olympians these days, I have spent some time in reading the 88-page Court of Arbitration for Sport’s (“CAS”) award on Sun Yang’s (”Athlete”) doping offense case rendered on June 22, 2021 (CAS 2019/A/6148 World Anti-Doping Agency v. Mr Sun Yang & Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA)). The Athlete is sanctioned with a period of ineligibility of 4 years and 3 months, beginning on 28 February 2020 according to the 2021 FINA Doping Control Rules (“FINA DC”) based on the principle of lex mitior.  This article summarizes tribunal’s analysis of the following question: Did the Athlete commit an anti-doping rule violation?

Continue reading “An Olympian’s Doping Offense: Staking an Entire Athletic Career on Being Correct on Disputed Doping Test when the Issue is Complex and Contentious is a Huge and Foolish Gamble! – #60”

The Arbitration Mechanism Created by the Regulation Aims to Ensure the Expedited Settlement of Disputes Related to Construction Defects Affecting the Newly Built Residential Buildings – #59

The arbitration mechanism created by the Regulation respecting the Guarantee Plan for new residential buildings, CQLR c B-1.1, r 8 (“Regulation”) is an administrative proceeding as it does not allow the parties renounce to it once the dispute arises. In Consortium MR Canada ltée c. Morissette, 2021 QCCS 2847, Mr. Justice Philippe Bélanger conducts the judicial review over the arbitral award from the arbitration proceeding organized according to the Regulation based on the reasonableness standard as indicated in the judgment rendered by the Supreme Court of Canada on Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v. Vavilov, 2019 SCC 65. Mr. Justice Bélanger held that the Arbitrator did not commit an unreasonable error in concluding that Consortium MR Canada Ltd. (“MR”) breached its obligation of result to the buyers of the newly-built condominiums/the Beneficiaries of the Guarantee Plan.

Continue reading “The Arbitration Mechanism Created by the Regulation Aims to Ensure the Expedited Settlement of Disputes Related to Construction Defects Affecting the Newly Built Residential Buildings – #59”

Quelles conditions d’ouverture à la passation de titre d’un bien immobilier par voie de déclaration judiciaire doivent être satisfaites lorsque l’initiative du recours est celle du vendeur? – #58

Dans l’arrêt De Chanteloup c. St-Laurent, 2021 QCCA 90, la Cour d’appel nous enseigne que si l’action de passation de titre est intentée par le vendeur d’un bien immobilier, ce dernier doit satisfaire, entre autres, les deux conditions d’égale importance pour la réussite du recours: 1) d’offrir un titre clair, c’est-à-dire sans charge hypothécaire et libre de toute autre charge d’ayant pas été dévoilée dans la promesse et de toute ambiguïté de titre; 2) d’obtenir l’assurance du versement du prix de vente, par exemple, le prix de vente est déjà en fiducie entre les mains du notaire. 

Continue reading “Quelles conditions d’ouverture à la passation de titre d’un bien immobilier par voie de déclaration judiciaire doivent être satisfaites lorsque l’initiative du recours est celle du vendeur? – #58”

The Preliminary Contract for the Sale of an Existing or Planned Residential Immovable can be Enforced by an Action for the Transfer of Title?– #57

The real estate market in Montreal and some other cities in Canada continues to power through the COVID-19 pandemic as sales in all property categories, especially houses, continue to increase. This post summarizes part of the analysis in the Quebec Court of Appeal’s decision on Ly c. Construction Sainte Gabrielle inc., 2018 QCCA 1438. It aims to analyze if or in what situations the buyer who signed a preliminary contract with the developer or builder of a residential property can request the Court to order the developer or builder to transfer the title of the property according to the preliminary contract.

Continue reading “The Preliminary Contract for the Sale of an Existing or Planned Residential Immovable can be Enforced by an Action for the Transfer of Title?– #57”

Le partage inégal du patrimoine familial pourrait s’appliquer dans la situation où un époux a violé son obligation fondamentale de contribuer à la formation et au maintien du patrimoine familial – #56

Dans l’arrêt Droit de la famille – 21594, 2021 QCCS 1396, l’honorable Danielle Turcotte ordonne un partage inégal de la valeur nette de la résidence familiale parce que l’époux a violé son obligation fondamentale de contribuer à la formation et au maintien du patrimoine familial en omettant de contribuer aux charges du mariage à proportion de sa faculté respective durant le mariage.

Les faits pertinents

En 1993, les parties célèbrent leur mariage au Québec. Les époux adoptent ultérieurement le régime de la séparation de biens.

Deux filles naissent de cette union. Elles sont étudiantes au niveau universitaire.

Au cours de l’année 2014, l’entreprise dont de Monsieur est le fondateur ne peut pas sortir une impasse qui conduit à sa fermeture.

Cette déconfiture ébranle considérablement l’époux. Au mois d’octobre, Monsieur quitte sa famille sans prévenir quiconque. Il se réfugie chez ses parents, au Mexique.

Ni Madame ni les enfants n’ont des nouvelles de Monsieur. À l’époque, les filles sont alors âgées de 14 et 17 ans.

Madame devait se débrouiller avec les charges de la famille en empruntant de l’argent auprès de son beau-frère pour éviter de perdre la résidence familiale.

Continue reading “Le partage inégal du patrimoine familial pourrait s’appliquer dans la situation où un époux a violé son obligation fondamentale de contribuer à la formation et au maintien du patrimoine familial – #56”

Lawyers who refer clients to other professionals or advisors should act competently, prudently and diligently in making such referrals. – #55

Factual Background

Before 2002, Mr. Thompson and his wife, Mrs. Thompson had been operating restaurant franchises in Ontario and Quebec. They have established four companies for the purpose of operating the restaurants (“Companies”). In 2002, they sold all of their restaurant franchises but one. With that one exception, the Companies remained owners of the real estate only.

In 2003, Mr. Thompson passed away. Mr. Thompson left two wills, in which he created three trusts for his grandchildren and one trust (“Trust”) for most of his assets, including his shares in the Companies. The wills named Mrs. Thompson as the income beneficiary of the Trust until her death. The wills also named Mrs. Thompson, Mr. Gemmill (Mr. Thompson’s lawyer in Ontario) and Mr. Miller (brother-in-law of Mr. Thompson) as the trustees and executors under the wills. The capital of the Trust was to be distributed to the children of the couple after Mrs. Thompson’s death. The purpose of this arrangement was to provide Mrs. Thompson with financial security while preserving the capital for the children.

Continue reading “Lawyers who refer clients to other professionals or advisors should act competently, prudently and diligently in making such referrals. – #55”

Au Québec, lorsqu’il s’agit d’apprécier la validité de la sentence arbitrale, le tribunal va rechercher si la sentence elle-même contrevient à des dispositions d’ordre public. – #54

Dans l’arrêt Perreault c. Groupe Jonathan Benoît, 2021 QCCS 1350, l’honorable Peter Kalichman rejette la demande en annulation de la sentence arbitrale et accueille la Demande d’homologation. Cet arrêt nous rappelle que pour annuler une sentence arbitrale ou s’opposer à son homologation au motif qu’elle est contraire aux dispositions d’ordre public, une partie doit faire plus que simplement démontrer que l’arbitre a commis une erreur dans son application des règles d’ordre public. Dans l’arrêt Desputeaux c. Éditions Chouette (1987) inc., 2003 CSC 17, la Cour suprême nous enseigne que la partie doit démontrer que la sentence arbitrale elle-même est incompatible avec l’ordre public.

Continue reading “Au Québec, lorsqu’il s’agit d’apprécier la validité de la sentence arbitrale, le tribunal va rechercher si la sentence elle-même contrevient à des dispositions d’ordre public. – #54”

Leave to Appeal Refused When the Arbitral Tribunal Empowered by ICC Arbitration Rules Bars Late-Raised Legal Argument for Procedural Fairness – #53

This post aims to summarize part of the analysis in the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta’s decision on TR Canada Inc v Cahill Industrial Limited, 2021 ABQB 274.

Factual Background

In August 2014, TR Canada Inc. (“TR”) was awarded a contract to be the general contractor responsible for the construction of two gas turbine generators and two heat recovery steam generators, which are connecting to the Fort Hills electrical system.

TR subcontracted the physical work to Cahill Industrial Ltd. (“Cahill”). Cahill was required to perform the “balance of plant works”, which included the electro-mechanical erection works of the project. The terms of the subcontract between TR and Cahill referred the disputes between the parties to arbitration.

A number of disputes arose between TR and Cahill during the project. Those disputes related to coordination and sequencing of the various subcontractors and works, as well as changes and additions to the scope of work.

On December 4, 2018, the pleadings of the arbitration proceeding between TR and Cahill commenced.

Continue reading “Leave to Appeal Refused When the Arbitral Tribunal Empowered by ICC Arbitration Rules Bars Late-Raised Legal Argument for Procedural Fairness – #53”

Law of Trusts in Ontario: The Creation of Joint Account Represents an Inter vivos Gift of the Right of Survivorship? – #52

This article intends to analyze how to determine the actual intention of the ageing parent who opens a joint bank account with his or her child in Ontario by summarizing the Supreme Court of Canada’s decision on Pecore v. Pecore, 2007 SCC 17. These types of joint accounts are used by many Canadians for a variety of purposes, including estate-planning and financial management. As joint bank accounts are widely used among the family members in Canada, the courts are often requested to determine the intention of the parent who opens the joint bank account in order to decide who has legal right for the balance remaining in the account at the date of death of the parent. The common question is whether the parent intended to make a gift of the beneficial interest in the accounts upon his or her death to the child who holds the joint account or whether the parent intended that this child holds the assets in the accounts in trust for the benefit of his or her estate to be distributed according to the will.

Continue reading “Law of Trusts in Ontario: The Creation of Joint Account Represents an Inter vivos Gift of the Right of Survivorship? – #52”